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Life Stages: The Importance of an Eye Exam By Age

Regular eye exams throughout your life are important, but not always for the same reasons. Just as our bodies require evolving care, so do our eyes. Find out why an eye exam at every life stage is an important part of your healthcare routine.

Babies and Toddlers

  • Approximately 80% of what a child learns is through their eyes.1
  • Impaired vision can affect a child’s cognitive, emotional, neurologic, and physical development by potentially limiting their exposure to a range of experiences and information.2

Eye Exam Frequency

  • Six months
  • Around two or three years old
  • Before kindergarten

Children 

  • Only an estimated 14% of children receive comprehensive eye exams before entering kindergarten or first grade.3
  • More than 12.1 million school-age children, or one in four, have some form of a vision problem.4
  • Studies show that 60% of students identified as problem learners have undetected vision troubles.5

Eye Exam Frequency

Once a year

Adults

  • More than 3 million Americans over the age of 40 have some form of vision impairment.6
  • Nearly 90% of those who use a computer at least three hours a day suffer vision problems associated with computer eye strain.7

Eye Exam Frequency

Once a year

Seniors 

  • Macular degeneration is the leading cause of vision loss and blindness among Americans age 65 and older. It affects 2 million Americans.8
  • About half of the population has a cataract by age 65, and nearly everyone over 75 has at least one.9
  • Glaucoma affects more than three million Americans, but only half are aware they have the disease because the symptoms are so subtle.10

Eye Exam Frequency

Once a year


 

[1] Ottar WL, Scott WK, Holgado SI. Photoscreening for amblyogenic factors. J Pediatr Ophthalmology Strabismus. 1995;32:289-295.
[2] National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. What is Vision Impairment? October 29, 2004. http:// www.The Centers for Disease Control.gov/ncbddd/dd/vision2.htm.
[3] Poe GS. Eye Care Visits and Use of Eyeglasses or Contact Lenses. United States 1979 and 1980. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services; 1984. Vital and Health Statistics Series 10, No. 145. DHHS publication 84-1573.
[4] Donahue SP, Johnson TM, Ottar W, Scott WE. Sensitivity of photoscreening to detect high-magnitude amblyogenic factors. J AAPOS. 2002;6:86-91.
[5] American Optometric Association
[6] Prevent Blindness America, 2002
[7] “Computer Vision Syndrome.” American Optometric Association. Accessed on January 17, 2007 at: www.aoa.org.
[8] allaboutvision.com
[9] allaboutvision.com

[10] allaboutvision.com